How can human relationships be formed without shared memories? Can mathematical order overcome the chaos of a life without memory? Yoko Ogawa’s novel explores these fascinating themes through the simple story of a professor and his housekeeper.
What happens to human relationships when you strip away most of the things we normally think of as being essential to them, like names and shared memories?
The surprising and beautiful answer that Yoko Ogawa gives in her novel The Housekeeper and the Professor is this: they endure.
The professor is an old man whose memory only lasts for 80 minutes. Within that time, he can remember everything normally, but after that, it all slips away. His jacket is covered with little notes reminding him of the essential facts of his life so that he can survive waking up each morning without too much confusion.
When the housekeeper is hired to come each day and cook and clean for him, she must introduce herself each morning as a new acquaintance. The professor has no memory of her from the previous days, so surely forming a relationship will be impossible.
And yet it happens. The professor and the housekeeper (along with her ten-year-old son) begin to form a strange sort of friendship as the weeks and months pass. The housekeeper of course remembers the professor and begins to feel quite attached to him, and the professor, even without memories, seems to show a deeper kind of recognition and affection.
Ogawa doesn’t use names for the novel’s main characters—the housekeeper is the narrator and refers to herself in the first person, while she calls the professor simply “the Professor”. Her son is nicknamed Root because his flat head reminds the Professor of the shape of the square root symbol. The lack of real names also removes another layer of what normal friendships are built on.
The Professor’s subject is mathematics, and he relies on equations and stories about the magic of mathematics to communicate. He also relies on maths to make sense of a chaotic world, to impose his own kind of order on it:
“The mathematical order is beautiful precisely because it has no effect on the real world. Life isn’t going to be easier, nor is anyone going to make a fortune, just because they know something about prime numbers. Of course, lots of mathematical discoveries have practical applications… But those things aren’t the goal of mathematics. The only goal is to discover the truth.”
It’s fascinating to see the unlikely friendship between these three characters developing over the course of the book. For that reason, and for the beautiful ways in which the Professor makes mathematics come alive, I’d recommend it.
I read The Housekeeper and the Professor by Yoko Ogawa for this year’s Japanese Literature Challenge. If you’re interested in Japanese literature, please check out my earlier post on Ms Ice Sandwich by Mieko Kawakami, or read other bloggers’ contributions.